Dronning Maud Land

Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, Ice Core, 1991 and 1992, Version 1
Major ion concentration values (Na, Mg, Ca, Cl, NO3, SO4, MSA) were analyzed from a 20-meter ice core drilled in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica (location - 65° 01'E, 75° 00' S, elevation - 2,900 m a.s.l.). Major ion analysis was done by ion chromatography.

References: Sallie Whitlow and Paul Mayewski 1999. Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, Ice Core, 1991 and 1992, Version 1. Boulder, Colorado USA. NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5DZ067P.

Dominion Range

Dominion Range site (166 ° 10'E, 85° 15S, 2700 m a.s.l.) major ions and stable water isotopes data


Paul A. Mayewski and Sallie Whitlow


Mayewski, P.A. et al., 1995, An Ice-core based, late Holocene history for the Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica. Contributions to Antarctic Research IV, Antarctic Res. Series, 67, 33-45.

Mayewski, P.A. and M.R. Legrand, 1990, Recent increase in nitrate concentration of Antarctic snow, Nature, 346, 258-260.

Mayewski, P.A., M.S. Twickler, W. B. Lyons, M.J. Spencer, D.A. Meese, A J. Gow, P. Grootes, T. Sowers, M.S. Watson, and E. Saltzman, 1990, The Dominion Range ice core, Queen Maud Mountains, Antarctica-General site and core characteristics with implications, J. Glaciol., 36, 11-16.

Mayewski, P.A., W.B. Lyons, M.J. Spencer, M.S. Twickler, P.M. Grootes and M. Stuiver, 1988, A climatic record using an ice core from the Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica (abstract), Annals of Glaciol., 10.

Mayewski, P.A., Lyons, W.B., Spencer, M.J., Twickler, M.S., Grootes, P., and Stuiver, M., 1988, A climatic record using an ice core from the Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica, Annals of Glaciology 10: 211.

Taylor Dome

Taylor Dome (77.78° S, 158.72° W, 2365 m a.s.l.) ice core major ions data.

ORIGINATOR (CONTRIBUTORS): Mayewski, P.A.; Steig, E.J.; Waddington, E.D.; Saltzman, E.S.; Whung, P.-Y.; Taylor, K.C.; Twickler, M.S.; Whitlow, S.I.; Meeker, L.D.; Yang, Q.; Thomas, J.; Kreutz, K.; Grootes, P.M.; Morse, D.L

CITATION INFORMATION (ORIGINAL REFERENCE): Mayewski, P.A., M.S. Twickler, S.I. Whitlow, L.D. Meeker, Q. Yang, J. Thomas, K. Kreutz, P.M. Grootes, D.L Morse, E.J. Steig, E.D. Waddington, E.S. Saltzman, P.-Y. Whung, and K.C. Taylor. 1996. Climate change during the last deglaciation in Antarctica. Science 272:1636-1638.

ONLINE RESOURCE (When Citing Data): https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/2414

Siple Dome

Several ice cores were drilled in the area of the Siple dome.

Siple Dome A

A Core (81°39.53'S, 148° 48.72'W)

Mayewski, P.A., Maasch, K.A., Dixon, D., Sneed, S.B., Oglesby, R., Kurbatov, A.V., Korotkikh, E., Potocki, M., Grigholm, B., Kreutz, K., Taylor, K.C., Steig, E., White, J., Bertler, N.A.N., Goodwin, I., de Mello Monques, M., Tholn, I. U., Simoés, J.C., Jana, R., Kraus, S. and Fastook, J., 2012, West Antarctica’s sensitivity to natural and human-forced climate change over the Holocene, Journal of Quaternary Science 1 (28).
Mayewski, P.A., Bertler, N., Birkel, S., Bracegirdle, T., Carleton, A., England, M., Goodwin, I., Kang, J-H., Mayewski, P., Russell, J., Schneider, S., Turner, J. and Vellicogna, I., 2015, Potential for Southern Hemisphere climate surprises, Journal of Quaternary Science (Rapid Communication) 30, 391-395.
Mayewski, P.A., Carleton, A., Birkel, S.D., Dixon, D., Kurbatov, A.V., Korotkikh, E., McConnell, J., Curran, M., Cole-Dai, J., Su, J., Plummer, C., Vance, T., Maaasch, K.A., Sneed, S.B., and Handley, M., 2017, Ice core and climate reanalysis analogs to predict Antarctic and Southern Hemisphere climate change, Quaternary Science Reviews 155, 50-66.
Kurbatov, A. V., G. A. Zielinski, N. W. Dunbar, P. A. Mayewski, E. Meyerson, S. B. Sneed, and K. C. Taylor (2006), A 12,000 year record of explosive volcanism in the Siple Dome Ice Core, West Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res, 111(D12), D12307.

Siple Dome B

(81°39.53'S, 148° 48.72'W)

Siple Dome 94

-81.65° S, 148.82° W, 621 m a.s.l.) Ice Core Major Ion Dataset, containing Na, NH4, K, Mg, Ca, Cl, NO3,SO4, MSA in ppb, for period from 849 to 19995 A.D.


CITATION INFORMATION (ORIGINAl REFERENSE): Kreutz, K.J., and P.A. Mayewski. 1999. Spatial variability of Antarctic surface snow glaciochemistry: Implications for paleoatmospheric circulation reconstructions. Antarctic Science, 11(1):105-118.

Additional data at NCDC

Law Dome

info is coming soon...

Souney, J., Mayewski, P.A., Goodwin, I., Morgan, V., van Ommen, T., 2002, A late Holocene climate record from Law Dome, East Antarctica, Jour. Geophys. Res. 107 (D22), 4608, 1-9.
Palmer, A.S., Van Ommen, T., Curran, M.A., Morgan, V., Souney, J., and Mayewski, P.A., 2001, High-precision dating of volcanic events (AD 1301-1995) using ice cores from Law Dome, Antarctica, Jour. Geophys. Res. 106, D22, 28,080-28,095.
Palmer, A.S., Morgan, V., Curran, M.J., van Ommen, T.D., and Mayewski, P.A., 2002, Antarctic flux ratios from Law Dome, Annals of Glaciology 35, 329-332.
Curran, M.J., Palmer, A.S., van Ommen, T.D., Morgan, V., Phillips, K.L., McMorrow, A.J., and Mayewski, P.A., 2002, Post-depositional methanesulphonic acid movement in Law Dome and the effect of accumulation rate, Annals of Glaciology 35, 333-339.
Plummer, C. T., M. A. J. Curran, T. D. Van Ommen, S. O. Rasmussen, A. D. Moy, T. R. Vance, H. B. Clausen, B. M. Vinther, and P. A. Mayewski, 2012, An independently dated 2000-year volcanic record from Law Dome, East Antarctica, including a new perspective on the dating of the c. 1450s eruption of Kuwae, Vanuatu, Clim. Change Past Dis., 8, 1567- 1590, doi:10.5194/cpd-8-1567-2012.
Goodwin, I.D., Browning, S., Lorrey, A., Mayewski, P.A., Phipps, S.J., Bertler, N.A.N., Edwards, R., Cohen, T., van Ommen, T., Curran, M., Barr, C. and Stager, S., 2014, A reconstruction of the Indo-Pacific extratropical atmospheric longwave patter during the medieval Climate Anomaly, Climate Dynamics, Vol 43, Issue 5, 1197-1219, DOI 10.1007/s00382-013-1899-1.

Mt. Moulton

This dataset contains measurements from co-registered samples from a horizontal ice trench in the Mt. Moulton Blue Ice Ares (BIA) (76° 43'S, 134° 42'W, 2820 m a.s.l.)

ORIGINATOR (CONTRIBUTORS): Korotkikh E.; Mayewski, P.A.

References: Korotkikh, E., Mayewski, P. A., Handley, M., Introne, D., Sneed, S., Kurbatov, A., Dunbar, N. and McIntosh, W., 2011, The last interglacial as represented in the glaciochemical record from Mount Moulton Blue Ice Area, West Antarctica, Quaternary Science Reviews 30, 1940-1947.


This dataset contains measurements from Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution Project RICE

ORIGINATOR (CONTRIBUTORS): Beers, T. M., P. A. Mayewski, A.V. Kurbatov

References: Beers, T. M., P. A. Mayewski, A. Kurbatov, D. Dixon, N. Bertler, S. Birkel, K. A. Maasch, M. Handley, J. Auger, T. Blunier, P. Neff, A. Tuohy, and M. F. Simonsen (2020). 1150 year long ice core record of the Ross Sea Polynya, Antarctica.arXiv:2006.01093

Tuohy, A., Bertler, N., Neff, P., Edwards, R., Emanuelsson, D., Beers, T. and Mayewski, P.A., 2015, Transport and deposition of heavy metals in the Ross Sea Region, Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120, 10,996-11,011, doi:10.1002/2015JD023293.

Mai Winstrup, Paul Vallelonga, Helle A. Kjær, T.J. Fudge, James E. Lee, Marie H. Riis, Ross Edwards, Nancy A.N. Bertler, Thomas Blunier, Ed Brook, Christo Buizert, Gabriela Ciobanu, Howard Conway, Dorthe Dahl-Jensen, Aja Ellis, Dan B. Emanuelsson, Andrei Kurbatov, Paul A. Mayewski, Peter D. Neff, Rebecca L. Pyne, Marius F. Simonsen, Anders Svensson, Andrea Tuohy, Ed Waddington, and Sarah Wheatley, 2017, A 2700-year annual timescale and accumulation history for an ice core from Roosevelt Island, West Antarctica, Climate of the Past, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2017-101.


US International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expedition

This data set contains sub-annually resolved ice core chemistry data from various sites on the Antarctic Ice Sheet during the US International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expedition (US ITASE) deployments. Researchers conducted experiments approximately every 30 - 300 km looking for clues representing climatic conditions over the past 200-1000+ years. Ice cores obtained for the glaciochemical component of the US ITASE research were analyzed for soluble major ion content and in some cases trace elements. Extreme events, such as volcanic eruptions, provide absolute age horizons within each core that are easily identified in chemical profiles. Our chemical analysis is also useful for quantifying anthropogenic impact, biogeochemical cycling, and for reconstructing past atmospheric circulation patterns.

US-ITASE general information








US-ITASE Suface snow samples

US-ITASE Stable Water Isotopes data

South Pole sites

SPRESSO (89.93° S, 144.39° W, 2808 m a.s.l.)

This data set contains major ion and trace elements measurements from co-registered samples from the South Pole Remote Earth Science and Seismological Observatory (SPRESSO) ice core. The core was sampled by 2002-2003 the US International Trans-Antarctic Science Expedition (US-ITASE).

South Pole 1995 ice core


  • Korotkikh, E. V., Mayewski, P.A., Dixon, D., Kurbatov, A.V., Handley, M., 2014, Recent increase in Ba concentrations as recorded in a South Pole ice core, Atmospheric Environment:89, 683-687.
  • Korotkikh, E. Mayewski, P.A., Dixon, D., Potocki, M., Kurbatov, A. and Handley, M., 2013, Evidence of hemispheric- and local-scale atmospheric pollution in a South Pole ice core, Climate Change Institute Mini Paper, University of Maine.
  • Korotkikh, E., Mayewski, P.A., Handley, M. and Introne, D., 2014, A 1000-year high resolution record of climate variability developed from a South Pole ice core, Climate Change Institute Mini Paper, University of Maine.


download from NSIDC

References: add ref

Detroit Plateau

This data set includes stable water isotope, major and trace elements, and major ions values from top 136 m of Detroit Plateau ice core (64.05° S, 59.39° W).

References: Alencar, A.S., Evangelista, H., Corrêa, S.M., Wainer, I., Jaña, R., Potocki, M., Kurbatov, A.V., Mayewski, P.A. and Simões, J.C., in review, A prospective analysis of VOC and aerosol compositions at Detroit Plateau, Antarctic Peninsula.
Potocki, M., Mayewski, P.A., Kurbatov, A., Simoes, J.C., Dixon, D.A., Goodwin, I., Carleton, A.M., Handley, M.J., Jana, R. and Korotkikh, E., in press 2016, Recent increase in Antarctic Peninsula ice core uranium concentrations.

Allan Hills

Allan Hills Stable Water Isotopes, Version 1. This data set includes stable water isotope values at 10 m resolution along an approximately 5 km transect through the main icefield of the Allan Hills Blue Ice Area, and at 15 cm within a 225 m core drilled at the midpoint of the transect. .

Allan Hills stable water isotope and gas data available on the United States Antarctic Program Data Center( USAP-DC)


Spaulding, N. E., Spikes, V.B., Hamilton, G.H., Mayewski, P.A., Dunbar, N.W., Harvey, R.P., Schutt, J. and Kurbatov, A.V., 2012, Ice motion and mass balance at the Allan Hills blue ice area, Antarctica, with implications for paleoclimate reconstructions, J. Glaciology 58, 399- - 406.
Spaulding, N. E., Higgins, J., Kurbatov, A.V., Bender, M.L., Arcone, S.A., Campbell, S., Dunbar, N.W., Chimiak, L.M., Introne, D.S. and Mayewski, P.A., 2013, Climate archives from 90 to 250 ka in horizontal and vertical ice cores from the Allan Hills Blue Ice Area, Antarctica, Quaternary Research, 80 (3), 562-574doi10.1016/j.yqres.2013.07.004.
Higgins, J. A., Kurbatov, A. V., Spaulding, N. E., Brook, E. J., Introne, D. S., Chimiak, L. M., Yan, Y., Mayewski, P. A., and Bender, M. L. (2015). Atmospheric composition 1 million years ago from blue ice in the Allan Hills, Antarctica. PNAS, 112(22):6887–6891.
Yan, Y., Bender, M. L., Brook, E. J., Clifford, H. M., Kemeny, P., Kurbatov, A. V., Mackay, S., Mayewski, P. A., Ng, J., Severinghaus, J. P., and Higgins, J. A. (2019). Two-Million-Year- Old Snapshots of Atmospheric Gases from Antarctic Ice. Nature, 574:663–666.

South Georgia

Mayewski, P.A., Kuli, A., Casassa, G., Arevalo, M., Dixon, D., Grigholm, B., Handley, M., Hoffman, H., Introne, D., Kuli, A. G., Potocki, M. and Sneed, S., 2016, Initial reconnaissance for a South Georgia Ice core, Journal of Glaciology, pp1-8, doi:10.1017/jog.2016.9